Infertility and Birth Defects

Gonorrhea and chlamydia infection during pregnancy increases the risk of pre-term delivery or miscarriage. Asymptomatic STDs, when left untreated may lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) which affects the fallopian tubes and other reproductive organs in females and causes infertility, ectopic pregnancy, pre-term delivery, miscarriage. When the mother is infected by STD, the disease is transmitted from the mother to fetus or new born, this is referred to as mother to child transmission (MTCT) and the child may suffer from defects such as blindness, deafness, bone deformities and intellectual disability. In males, infertility is most common side effect of the disease. Some STDs like gonorrhea and HIV may lead to inflammation of the epididymis or orchitis that leads to infertility in males.

  • Track 1-1 Pre-term Delivery
  • Track 2-2 Ectopic Pregnancy
  • Track 3-3 Birth Defects in Child
  • Track 4-4 Stillbirth and Miscarriage
  • Track 5-5 Infertility in Men and Women
  • Track 6-6 Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

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